Flora

Grayline

It have been identified in the Archipelago 220 species of endemic plants, 399 native and 119 introduced; this flora was carried by the winds, the sea, or by men, birds migrating from the continent carrying in their feathers, beaks and feet some seeds and spores that could germinate in the soil insular changing with the passage of time, its own structure and physiology as a result of acclimation to the new way of life. Because of these adaptations some species of the islands are unique in the world, and many are similar to those of the American continent.

It is estimated that both the flora and fauna are not native to the islands, but were transported from the mainland. Seeds or spores that have moved from one island to another have led to entirely new species which has repeated the process of evolution.

All these species, as well as the zoological, have made the process of adaptation to the environment "as demonstrated by Darwin.

In low-lying islands desert landscapes are observed due to low humidity and lack of rain. . Instead, the highlands have more frequent rain showers and so they have a greater presence of vegetation.

In low wet area and other large ferns growing evergreen varieties. In the humid high (between 200 and 500 meters height) grow the Guayabillo, pasiflora, cafetillo, mosses, fungi, huaicundos. Abundant guava and citrus trees and other species of Andean paramo have been planted, as well as vegetables like corn and potato. The soils only reach a10% capacity for agriculture in total.

In the largest islands of Galapagos they are four ecological zones: coastal, low or dry, transition and wet. In the first zone they are species as arrayancillo, red, jeli, and white mangrove. In the second zone grow cactus, palo santo, carob, manzanillo, chala, and Muyuyo.

In the area of transition are the tallest trees, epiphytic plants, and perennial herbs. Among the most popular varieties are The “uña de gato”(cat's claw) and the cafetillo. And in the wet there cogojo, Guayabillo, cat's claw, cafetillo, pasiflora and some types of moss, ferns and fungi. The plant covers a total of 932 species, 7 and 925 non-wood timber.

The only endemic species located in the region, wildlife population includes 77 types of birds, 60 fish and 233 of the plant kingdom.

All you Need is Ecuador Ministerio de Turismo del Ecuador Quito