Fauna Galapagos

The characteristics of the fauna and flora make the Galapagos Islands as unique in the world. The extraordinary nature of the islands has impressed naturalists, scientists and various visitors. In 1930 starts the concern of the authorities of Ecuador and the world's scientists to avoid destroying the natural museum. In 1936, Ecuador reserve areas of flora and fauna to 14 islands.

The great scientific and tourist interest worldwide in the archipelago has been caused largely by the facility to observe different species of a variety of fauna including the giant turtle; their average life time is 150 years, of which 11 of the 14 remaining original subspecies.

The marine iguana is also very important because they constitute the only reptile adapted to life in the sea. Large number and variety of birds are of great interest to scientists and tourists, about 56 varieties inhabit the archipelago, about 27 are found only in Galapagos and some are endemic to one island.

Galapagos has a land and marine fauna very diverse and impressive as the marine and land iguanas, fur seal, Galapagos hawks, lava heron, Santa Fe land iguana, swallow-tailed gulls and lava, waved albatross, snake, frigates real and common, giant turtle, Darwin's finches, Galapagos bat, humpback, cormorant, the mockingbird, endemic rat, mouse in freshwater, flamingo, penguin in freshwater, living in colder areas, red and blue feet boobies, sea lions, lava lizards and swallow.

The remaining land animals such as goats, donkeys, pigs, horses, cows, dogs, cats and rats, has been introduced from the continent by pirates, whalers and settlers in recent centuries.

The Galapagos Islands are considered the world's greatest natural laboratory. Before Darwin's theory of species immunity was not challenged. The evolution theory of Darwin has changed the scientific landscape. When Charles Darwin visited the islands, he studied some species, mainly finches and tortoises, their studies, concluded that these species had evolved in different ways in each island. Nature had provided better suit the environment to increase their chances of survival.

According to the Park Management Plan states that the faunal biodiversity totals 137 species of which 108 are of birds, 12 mammals and 17 reptiles. In Galapagos there are no amphibians.

All you Need is Ecuador Ministerio de Turismo del Ecuador Quito